Anti-war Demonstrations in Germany

26 Jul 1914 to 30 Jul 1914
  • Barmen
  • Breslau
  • Brunswick
  • Chemnitz
  • Danzig
  • Dusseldorf
  • Duisberg
  • Elberfeld-Barmen
  • Essen
  • Frankfurt-on-Maine
  • Freiburg-im-Breisgau
  • Gotha
  • Halle
  • Hamburg
  • Hanover
  • Jena
  • Kiel
  • Cologne
  • Konigsberg
  • Ludwigshafen
  • Mannheim
  • Munich
  • Nurnberg
  • Stettin
  • Stuttgart
  • Cannstatt
  • Leipzig
  • Solingen
Stuttgart 1914
Stuttgart 1914

As well as the mass anti-war meetings held in and around Berlin on 28 July, mass meetings were held across Germany over a five-day period from 26 July to 30 July[1], but especially on Tuesday 28 and Wednesday 29 July. In many places the meetings overflowed onto the streets.

The positions taken by SPD speakers at these meetings varied, but tended to be cautious. Ludwig Frank, speaking in Mannheim and Kurt Eisner in Munich said that if war came the working class would defend the Fatherland. Speakers in other places said that there would be no choice in the event of war but to obey orders. At each of the meetings a resolution was passed along similar lines to the resolution passed in Berlin [2].

In Leipzig, Solingen, Stuttgart, Düsseldorf, and Kassel that party leaders urged people at the meeting to demonstrate in the streets as happened in Berlin, and in some other cities demonstrations developed spontaneously despite the opposition of party leaders.

In Stuttgart, 6000 people attempted to march to the newspaper offices, were prevented from doing so by police, and marched to the Austrian Embassy instead. The army were called out to assist in dispersing them.

A total of over 750,000 people participated in anti-war demonstrations across Germany on 27 and 28 July.


References